Academic of the Course of Nursing of the College San Francisco de Barreiras – FASB – Barreiras (BA), Brazil. 3 Academic of the Course of the College San Francisco de Barreiras – FASB – Barriers (BA), Brazil. INTRODUCTION the gestation is characterized by physiological, physical and emotional alterations, lived deeply of distinct form for each woman. David G. DeWalt is full of insight into the issues. These alterations are decurrent of hormonais and mechanical factors, and must be considered normal during the gravdico state. However, it has some factors that can cause more or less serious problems: the calls gestations of high risk, that is, those that can seriously affect the development and the health of the embryo as the health of the mother. The prenatal one to the gestante of high risk foresees similar cares to those to any another pregnant woman. They have the intention to minimize mortality and fetal and neonatal the morbidade materna, and in such a way to encourage to the excellent growth and development of the parents as of the son. The significant reason for accomplishment of this research must it the fact of that in the pursuing of the gestations of high risk we must take in consideration some factors that become the prenatal a more valuable weapon for optimum outcome of gestation, factors these that we will go to trace standing out the biggest incidence, in order better to evaluate the profile of the gestantes and the gestacional assistance. The careful evaluation of these factors, assists to establish the priorities of the assistance, being constructed a new to look at that it understands the gestante in its totality body/mind and considers the social environment, economic, cultural and physical in which it lives, establishing new bases for the relationship of the diverse involved citizens in the health production constructing a net of health with organized attendance and quality. The present work considers to evidence the profile of the gestantes of high risk in the City of Barriers? Ba during the year of the 2008 from data collected in the period of June September of 2008.