Memory plays a role transcendent and ubiquitous in our daily lives. It is the function that allows us to take awareness and consciousness of our biography, anchored in the present, but with traces of the past and projection into the future. Memory errors are so frequent as important: from forgetfulness to real loopholes which erases Central episodes of our existence. Defects in the functioning of the memory is divided into seven sins or transgressions basic: course, MRIF, blocking, misattribution, sugestibilidad, propensity and persistence. The sin of course.

It is forgotten that occur with the passage of time; for example, do not remember the name of a familiar face. It is the fading of memory by the passage of time and the refreshment of the content (repeat). This sin, of frequent and intense manner, is an excellent indicator of the terrible disease of Alzheimer’s. The brain area responsible for this function of spontaneous evocation is the hippocampus, where memories of the MLP and data reside (Long-term memory). The sin of MRIF. It is failure or lapse of memory produced by an incorrect encoding. Causality is to dedicate scarce time processing, or good for that at the moment of processing we have introduced an interference and has fallen into shadow of memory: forgetfulness of glasses, keys or a word at a time, which has been swept by an interference (all activities with surface encoding levels).

The brain area responsible for is the frontal area. The sin of blocking. The sin of blockade entails a type other than the above oblivion. Unlike the memory by distraction or time, reluctant to her rescue the word or name they have been encoded and stored. The information has not disappeared from the memory (fading), is hidden somewhere, apparently ready to settle in our mind that we rescue with strategies and time the desired information.