In 1949 he obtained a teaching position at the Naval School of Guerra of Madrid, the city in which exerts theatrical criticism in the newspaper up and Radio Nacional of Spain. In 1958 After the death of his first wife, he married again Fernanda Sanchez-Guisande Caamano. In 1962 signed, along with a large group of intellectuals, a manifesto that criticized the repressive policy of the Government against the Asturian miners on strike, what costs him his post at the Naval War College. In 1964 he returned to Galicia and re-enter public education at the women’s Institute of Pontevedra. In 1966, invited by the University of New York, serves as Professor of Spanish literature at the Albany campus. In 1973 he returned to Vigo and serves as Professor at the Institute of the Guide. In 1975 he moved to the Institute Torres Villarroel of Salamanca, city where he remained until his death.

In 1975 he was elected member of the Royal Spanish Academy. It has received, among others, the Prince of Asturias’s letters, in 1982, prize ex aequo with Miguel Delibes and the Miguel de Cervantes, in 1985. The first book of Torrente Ballester, Javier Marino (1943), places him already as a narrator empowered and even though it is a thesis novel, appears in historical perspective as superior to literary mediocrity of the works of his comrades of Falangist ideology. The young protagonist who leaves Spain at the beginning of the civil war, lived an intense life in Paris. The subtitle of the novel history of a conversion, announced the recovery of a skeptical Spanish gentleman to the national cause, conversion that is complicated to have been in love for a young Communist. The second book, the coup de Guadalupe Limon (1946) of State is significant in its evolution by manifest already then the tendency of the author, confirmed later, toward the ironic humor, and sometimes grotesque valle-inclanesco cutting, introducing the overthrow of a dictator by a woman in the midst of an extraordinary succession of adventures.